Interesting facts about Madrid:

1. The name ''Madrid'' derives from the Arabic word "magerit", which translates to "place of many streams".

2. Madrid is the capital of Spain since 1561. Before that time it was the city of Toledo.

3. Madrid is the third largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin.

4. It is located 300 km away from the Mediterranean Sea.

5. Madrid lies on a plateau 650 meters above sea level, it is the highest located capital in Europe.

6. City's building ''Torre Caja'' is the tallest in Spain.

7. Madrid enjoys more cloudless days than almost any other city in Europe.

8. According to FIFA, the FC Real Madrid is the world's most successful football club of the 20th century. Their stadium is called Santiago Bernabéu, and is located in Chamartín - the northern area of Madrid. The capacity is 85,000 spectators.

9. The Retiro Park is the most beautiful public parks in Madrid, the second largest in the country (after Casa de Campo - also in Madrid), and is one third of the size of the Central Park in Manhattan. It has about 15.000 trees and 20 entrances.

10. Restaurante Sobrino de Botín, founded in 1725, - is the oldest restaurant in the world.

11. Madrid has the largest bullfighting arena in all of Spain (by capacity, but not by diameter). It can seat as many as 25,000 people.

12. The airport of Barajas serves more than 50 millions passengers annually. It is the fourth-largest airport in Europe and one of the 20 largest airports in the world.

13. Every year more than 7,5 million visitors travel to Madrid.

14. Density of population is 5290 people per sq km, which makes Madrid the third most densely populated city in Europe.

15. With its 141 miles of track, the Madrid subway is the second largest underground in Europe. It is also the sixth largest system in the world and is still growing.

16. Plaza Mayor (''the Main Square'') in the past was used for bullfights, and also for public executions.

17. Madrid weather is really different over the four seasons. Temperatures can go as low as zero or even -1ºC in winter and up to +40º C in summer.

18. The ''Golden Mile'' of shopping is located in Salamanca area, in Madrid, which is known for it's luxury. After all, it was Queen Isabella II’s neighborhood made specifically for the elite. Years later, there are plenty of restaurants, museums and shops to enjoy. Among the streets of the neighborhood of the political and financial elite, you’ll find stores like Versace, Dolce & Gabanna and Louis Vuitton.

19. Madrid is a city of students. Not surprisingly, this is due to the fact that Madrid is one of the unsurpassed hot-spots of university education in Europe.

20. Madrid is the best place for museum fans. Art lovers have their particular Bermuda Triangle in Madrid, the known as ''Golden Triangle'' is a set of the most representative museums in Madrid: Museo del Prado, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza and Museo Reina Sofía.

Atocha station, Madrid
Park Retiro